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Orphans

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Quick Overview

Do not overfeed kittens, as this causes diarrhea and other problems.

AGE IN WEEKS AVG. WEIGHT OF KITTEN AMOUNT OF FORMULA PER DAY  NUMBER OF FEEDINGS         PER DAY
1 4 ounces 32 cc 6
2 7 ounces 56 cc 4
3 10 ounces 80 cc 3
4 13 ounces 104 cc 3
5 1 LBS 128 cc 3

You Must Stimulate A Kitten To Urinate & Pass Stool: Mother cats lick their babies abdomens and genitals in order to stimulate  bowel movement and urination.  As a surrogate cat mom you will need to do this for your baby until  he/she is old enough to to it for themselves or they will become sick and die.  

To begin,  gently rub the kitten's abdomen and wipe the genitals with a warm (not hot) cotton ball or old t-shirt that has been freshly cleaned.  If, you are unsure how hard or soft to rub try this test; take your dampened warm cotton or cloth and gently rub your closed eye lid...move in a slow circular pattern.  You should feel no discomfort and your touch should be light and slow feeling comfortable, you are now ready  for your kitten. Be sure to have a roll of paper towels handy with a plastic bag for garbage as you will need both.  Be very patient, take your time as your kitten must void and pass stool.

Washing: Be sure to keep your  kitten's fur clean with a barely damp warm cloth; use short stokes like a mother cat would use with her tongue.

Brushing: You can also use a soft bristled brush to gently comb your kittens fur which will again teach them to keep themselves clean.  Such attention also bonds your kitten to you and gives them a feeling of being loved.

Washing a dirty kitten bottoms: If the kittens have diarrhea and become caked with stool, it is easier on their skin to wash their little bottoms slowly and gently with warm water.   Be very patent and dry them thoroughly afterward and place them on a heating pad that is set to low.  Make sure they have room to crawl off the heating pad once they have dried and should they get too hot.

Burping Baby Kittens: After every feeding be sure to gently burp your  kitten by patting them on the back, otherwise just like a human baby, air gets in the tummy and it will hurt.

A Litter Box should be Introduced at 3-4 weeks (Once their eyes are open): Even though your kitten is too young for a litter box, it is a good  to introduce a small empty aluminum baking tin (5x7) or something similar .  The point is to allow the kitten to play in the empty tin and get used to it, then put just a little bit of Johnny Cat sand in the bottom, again allow them to play and get used to it.   Once baby freely plays in the box show them what it is for by (gently) taking their fore paws and show them how to dig a hole, now sit them in the hole.  This will seem all good sport and you may have to do this several times and even add any feces you find in their nursery, but it works!

When to introduce the Pacifiers...Try to introduced the Comfort Toy as soon as possible to young kittens as this prevents them from developing the habit of nursing upon themselves, their siblings or their new adoptive parent. 

Teething, A Word of Caution: Sometimes during play or teething the nipple of the Comfort Toy can become perforated.  When this happens it allows air to be sucked into the stomach and like any baby the air can cause a tummy ache.  So always ensure the nipple is intact and replace the toy as needed.

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Cats are called Queens

Caring For Queens

A Quote From: Drs Foster and Smith Pet Education

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?cls=1&cat=1388&articleid=906

The queen should be allowed easy access to food, water, and a litter box. Place everything she needs close by, but out of reach of the kittens. Monitor that she is eating, drinking, and using the litter box.

Within 2-3 days, the queen's appetite will about double from her pre-pregnancy intake. She will need a near constant supply of a high quality kitten food and water to maintain her weight and health while feeding the kittens. She should still have her supplements of vitamin and mineral tablets. She should not look gaunt or thin if her weight is maintained. Ideally, she should weigh the same at weaning as she did when she was bred.

Cats Giving Birth

And

Kitten Birth

 

Dealing With New Borns and Neo Natal Care


 

 

Kitten Weight

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Quote From

http://maxshouse.com/kitten_care.htm 

Constant crying, kittens squirming around the nest box, and restlessness of the queen are signs of trouble. Young kittens have a normal rectal temperature of about 96, which may rise to about 100 (35.5C to about 38C) during the first week, after which the kittens develop the ability to shiver. Umbilical cords drop off at two to three days, and ears and eyes open at around six to twelve days.


Kittens weigh about 100 grams (3-5 ounces) at birth and gain approximately 7 to 15 grams per day (a quarter to over half an ounce). Thus, they will double their birth weight by seven days and triple it by twenty-one days (males gaining even faster). Large quantities of breast milk are needed, and this is stressful for the lactating mother. if a supplemental food source (e.g., milk replacer) can be provided by three weeks of age, it will lessen the need for milk production and may shorten the time to weaning.

A Quote From

http://maxshouse.com/kitten_care.htm

Kittens should be weighed at birth on a gram scale (newborns usually weigh between 90 and 110 grams [3.15 and 3.85 ounces), and then on a daily basis for the first two weeks. When properly fed, they will usually double their weight within the first week.

In addition to food, warmth is essential to the well-being of newborn kittens. A consistent environmental temperature of 90 to 94F (approximately 32 to 34-5C) is recommended for the first two weeks, then 75 to 80 (approximately 24 to 26.5C) for the third week. A temporary incubator, using a standard household sixty-watt bulb placed approximately two and a half feet above the kittens, should maintain the desired temperature.

The Orphaned Kitten

Raising Orphan Kittens

Free PDF Raising Orphan Kittens

From The Feral Cat Coalition

WARMTH AND FIRST AID

A Quote

As soon as you find an orphaned kitten it must be protected from becoming chilled. Place it under your clothes next to your skin. Most of the young kitten's energy is needed for growth and yelling for more food, so there's not a lot left over for heat generation. Normally the mother cat and litter mates would provide a good deal of warmth. During their first week, kittens should be kept between 88 and 92 degrees F. For the next 2 weeks they still need temperatures of 80 degrees or so. When they reach 5 weeks or so they can tolerate a lower room temperature. 

If possible, take the kitten to a veterinarian to be checked out for dehydration and general condition. Kittens can become dehydrated very quickly without a mom and may need fluids under the skin. Kittens that are dehydrated from lack of fluids or diarrhea will have very little energy or appetite, so this is important to take care of immediately. Stools should be checked for worms and parasites. The vet can supply a lot of advice on hand raising kittens as well as needed supplies so don't skip this step.

When you get the kitten home you must continue to provide warmth. Find a place in your home that is warm, draft-free and isolated.

Feeding can be done with an eyedropper or a nursing bottle (available at the vet). If using the eyedropper be careful not to force feed the kitten. Let the baby suck the fluid at its own pace, otherwise you can fill the baby's lungs with milk and cause pneumonia.

Kitten babies: 

Neo Natal Care

Best Value? Buy Used Books At Amazon.com

Baby kitten &  Kitten Baby

Please Visit http://www.kittenbaby.com/

An Excellant Site Lots of How To Photos

A Quote From: 

 http://www.feralcat.com/raising.html

                Feeding Guide

AGE IN WEEKS AVG. WEIGHT OF KITTEN AMOUNT OF FORMULA PER DAY  NUMBER OF FEEDINGS  PER DAY
1 4 ounces 32 cc 6
2 7 ounces 56 cc 4
3 10 ounces 80 cc 3
4 13 ounces 104 cc 3
5 1 LBS 128 cc 3

Kitten feeding - KMR

Never Cows Milk

Kitten Bottle and Kitten Bottle Feeding

Always choose a small kitten nipple over a larger human or puppy nipple!!!!

Please Visit This Site, http://www.kittenbaby.com  it is one of the best resources for Raising and Caring for Orphaned Kittens.

Credits: Please Visit

  http://www.kittenbaby.com/

Kitten Care
Kitten Constipation
Bottle Feeding
Kitten Needs and Kitten Developement

Caution! Very young kittens cannot void (urinate) without stimulation from mama... This can make them extremly ill and even kill them... A warm (not hot!) soft wash cloth or cotten ball gently wiped over the genitals will allow the kitten to void and eleminate waste (bowel movement)

 

Credits: Please Visit

 http://www.kittenbaby.com/


Quote From

http://maxshouse.com/kitten_care.htm

Feeding

Intake is limited by the size of the stomach, and excessive fluid intake must be avoided because a newborn kitten's kidneys are functionally immature and have a very limited capacity. Numerous feedings throughout the day, usually every four hours, will prevent overloading the digestive system and kidneys. The number of feedings can be decreased, and the intake per feeding can be increased accordingly, as the kitten matures.

The daily intake of food is based on the kitten's energy requirement. Caloric requirements for the newborn kitten are approximately 420 kilocalories per kilogram at birth, and by five to six weeks of age it needs only 240 to 275 kilocalories per kilogram. (A kilogram is 1000 grams, or 2.2 pounds. A kilocalorie, a term often shortened to calorie by the nonscientific community, is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water one degree Celsius.) To calculate the daily amount of milk replacer required for the newborn follow these steps:

  1. Divide the kitten's weight in grams by 1000 to determine the weight in kilograms.
     

  2. Multiply the answer from step I by 420 (kilocalories). The result provides you with the number of kilocalories needed daily to sustain the newborn kitten.
     

  3. Find the caloric concentration of the formula on the label. Divide the amount needed by the kitten by the caloric concentration of the milk replacer. Multiply the answer by the quantity of formula (in milliliters) that supplies the specified caloric concentration.
     

  4. Take the total for the day and divide it by the number of feedings per day.
     

Some milk replacers provide a feeding chart, which eliminates the need to do any calculations. If KMR is used, do not exceed five milliliters (one teaspoon) of formula per feeding of newborn kittens for the first week. Thereafter, slowly increase the amount per feeding.

Formula should not be fed to a weak and hypothermic kitten. instead, a dilute (5 percent) dextrose solution (sugar water) and lactated Ringer's solution (a sterile, saltwater solution for injection) should be given orally as directed by a veterinarian. Also, the kitten's body temperature should be gradually increased in a warm environment (85 to 90F). Formula can be fed after the kitten's rectal temperature is over 94F

When preparing formula, make up only enough for a forty-eight-hour period and divide it into individual feeding portions. These portions can be stored in the refrigerator. Before feeding, warm the formula to about 100 While warming the formula, sterilize the feeding utensils in boiling water for fifteen minutes to destroy harmful bacteria or viruses. All handlers should wash their hands before feeding or handling the kittens.

Kittens that did not receive colostrum (first milk from the mother) should be vaccinated against rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia at four weeks of age.

Special animal-feeding bottles are available at pet stores. These bottles have been designed to meet the needs of nursing kittens, but sometimes the nipple openings are too small.  So, if the liquid doesn't drip slowly from the nipple, enlarge the hole slightly. Never force formula by squeezing the bottle while the nipple is in the kitten's mouth. The liquid may be aspirated (inhaled into the lungs), causing aspiration pneumonia, which could be fatal. A medicine dropper can also be used, although the volume will be greatly reduced, making feedings more tedious and time consuming.

The kitten should be fed in an upright position to avoid its aspirating any fluid into its lungs. Bottle-fed kittens must be burped after feeding because of the air they inhale during feeding. Stomach-tube feeding eliminates this step; however, other problems are associated with tube feeding, especially the danger of choking if fluid is directly dispensed into the lungs. Despite the drawbacks, tube feeding is considered the most reliable method for feeding kittens unable to suckle or needing immediate nourishment. Tube-fed kittens should be housed in separate compartments to prevent them from sucking on each other's tails, ears, and feet. A small catheter (premature infant size or 5 French) and syringe work well for tube feeding. The catheter can be purchased in most drugstores and the syringe can be obtained from a veterinarian. Before passing the tube down the kitten's esophagus, carefully mark the tube for the proper length. This is done by measuring the tube from the last rib, behind which the stomach is located, to the opening of the mouth. Tape can be used to mark the section of catheter that reaches to the mouth. This mark indicates the point at which the tube reaches the correct position in the kitten's stomach. Lubricate the tube with warm water or formula before inserting it into the kitten's throat. while the kitten is in an upright position, with its head tilted slightly up, insert the tube along the roof of the mouth. if the kitten begins to gag or you feel resistance, remove the tube and try again. Continue to pass the tube until you reach the mark on the tube. After administering a small amount of warm water to make sure the tube is in the right location, slowly administer the formula over a two-minute period. Each week, remeasure the distance from the last rib to the tip of the mouth and re-mark the tube; the length will increase as the kitten grows.

A kitten has received an adequate supply of food when its abdomen feels full, but not distended. Within three weeks, kittens can learn to drink fluid from a dish. The weaning process can be started when they are three to four weeks old by adding small amounts of commercial cat food to the formula.

Feeding problems usually encountered by inexperienced handlers are overfeeding or underfeeding. A sure sign of overfeeding is diarrhea. The intensity of the problem is indicated by the color and consistency of the stool. The color can range from yellowish to grayish. A grayish diarrheic stool indicates a more severe problem and may signal impending dehydration. Failure to gain weight, excessive crying, listlessness, and shivering occur when a kitten is underfed. The best criteria by which to determine if the kitten is being properly fed are a steady weight gain of ten grams, or one-third of an ounce, per day-and a normal stool (firm and yellowish). The number of stools is usually the same as the number of feedings per day.

Feeding Caution!!!
Kitten Weaning I begin with a small amount of Gerber's Ham baby food or  EXTRA FINE MASHED canned kitten food.   I make a slightly larger hole in the baby bottle nipple to allow the new food (which is thicker) to pass through.

I have found weaning easier and less messy if I begin gradually mixing the kitten food with the KMR.  I then slowly over a period of weeks introduce them to solid foods with KMR formula lightly poured over the canned baby food.  Seems to work well.

Mother Replacement, Mam Pacifier, Mama Pacifier The pacifier helps to give the cat/kitten the feeling of security, protection, love and comfort lost too early in life.  This can be seen by kneeding beding,  sucking of blankets, or shirt buttons.
Pacifiers

 for Cats & Kittens

Kittens taken from their mothers too early or have had a tramatic experience early in life will feel insecure. A pacifier, not unlike a child's teddy bear, or blanket, will offer security and comfort.  Ultimatly, this will make for a better and well adjusted kitten.

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Kitten & Cat De-Worming

1 E-How About Deworming

2 Web MD Deworming Cats

 

A Quote From:

http://www.paw-rescue.org/CATS/kitten_care.html

Deworming. Kittens will need to be dewormed at least once and probably twice. The "worms" are typically roundworms or pin worms. They are passed to the kitten through the mother's milk. Your vet can give your kitten a dose of medication such as Strongit to kill these parasites when the kitten is 6 weeks old or so. This should be followed 2 weeks later either by a second dose of medication or a fecal test to insure that all the worms have been killed.

If after deworming, your kitten's stools are mushy, have mucus or blood in them, be sure to see your vet. There are other kinds of intestinal parasites, such as coccidia, that can infect kittens. These require different treatments depending on the parasites.

Vaccinations

Schedule may vary based on location and veternarian.

 

Disease

Age (weeks)
1st Vaccination

Age (weeks)
2nd Vaccination

Age (months)
Boosters

Feline Panleukopenia

6-10

12-16

12

Feline Rhinotracheitis

8-10

12-16

12

Feline Calicivirus

6-10

12-16

12

Rabies

12-16

52

12 or 36*

Feline Leukemia Virus

10

12 and 24

12 or 13 and 14 **

Feline Chlamydiosis

6-10

12-16

12

The Litter Box

Best Cat Litter I have found is Johnny Cat.

Then sprinkle  Arm And Hammer Room Deoderizer "Pet Freshner"  in the bottom of the pan and each time you change the box !!!

Amazing Results...

 

 
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